Council elections are held every four years on the fourth Saturday in October.
2012 elections analysis
52 per cent of 631 vacancies were filled by incumbent councillors, while 29 per cent of contesting councillors were defeated
48 per cent are new councillors, and voters elected 34 per cent women councillors.
2 000 candidates nominated across 78 municipalities (Brimbank did not hold an election)
464 sitting councillors contested the election (75 per cent), while 154 councillors retired
All incumbents contested the election in seven municipalities.
Returned (incumbent) councillors
331 of contesting incumbent councillors were returned (71 per cent)
46 incumbent mayors were returned, and another 16 retired
12 councils retained all incumbents who contested the elections, while a further 24 councils lost only one contesting councillor
15 municipalities had six or more sitting councillors returned
26 councillors were re-elected unopposed, including four mayors.
300 new councillors were elected, 48 per cent of the total vacancies
16 new councillors were elected unopposed across 10 municipalities
More than 50 per cent of councillors are new in 27 municipalities
Nine councils have large numbers of new councillors as a majority of incumbents retired.
133 contesting councillors were defeated (29 per cent)
A majority of incumbents who contested the election were defeated in five councils
Sixteen contesting mayors were defeated
214 or 34 per cent of all councillors elected are women, up from 29 per cent in 2008
All councils have women councillors, while five had no female representation in 2008
Ten councils have a majority female council: Hobsons Bay (4 of 7), Manningham (5 of 9), Maroondah (5 of 9), Melton (5 of 7), Moonee Valley (5 of 9), Moreland (6 of 11), Nillumbik (4 of 7), Port Phillip (5 of 7), Queenscliffe (3 of 5), and Surf Coast (5 of 9).
For further trends analysis view our trends fact sheet.
For more information about the 2012 elections – including candidates and detailed results – visit the Victorian Electoral Commission website.